Of What Importance Is Irrigation
Irrigation of land is a common agricultural practice among farmers. There advantages of doing are also realized but those who utilize these products. There are four main notable types of irrigation namely surfaces, subsurface, drip, and sprinkler irrigations. There type of irrigation one chooses depends on the size of land, the source of water and the kind of crop planted. The existing materials and accessibility to water bodies are key telling the possible outcome of the entire process. There are many advantages of irrigation. Such reasons include among others.
Most countries across the globe receive inadequate amounts of rain. Rains do not fall all through the year, but even when they too, they are unreliable and untimely. As a result affected areas experience long spells. Some situation, therefore, should be addressed with immediate effect. The best solution, in this case, is irrigation. Through irrigations, we able to sustain our crop production all through the year. The rains may also be harmful. Rains that are accompanied with hailstones are destructive to crops. Heavy downpours can also wash away crops.
Irrigation is an avenue for ensuring high yields. The chances of getting the maximum output from irrigation is very high. Provision of water making the conditions favorable for growth. Subsequently the chances that these crops grow to maturity are also high. Irrigation is, in turn, a guarantee for maximum returns. The amount of food realized is essential in sustaining the feeding partners. Poor returns often lead to hunger and starvation situation the irrigation can correct.
It is more convenient to have more than to two crops on the same piece of land at a go. The presence of surplus water means that the plants do not scramble for water. You can, therefore, plant more than one crop. Growing of more than one crop be done rotationally form one season to another within the same year. This can also be a score in helping maintain the fertility of the land. Most common way of achieving this is planting nitrogen-fixing plants such as legumes.
Irrigation also reclaims bare land. Most planting activities that are dependant on rain do not make effective utilize the land. This is because most people do not wish to make huge losses. Due to this, only use small pieces of land are cultivated minimise the losses in case the rains fail to materialise. Effective use of land can then be realized through adequate irrigation.
Food security is the worlds most significant challenge for millions. The the drastic change in population has led to a decline in food production. It, therefore, means that the demand for food is high than the supply. This puts majority at risk of starvation. Proper Investments in irrigation can, however, change this pattern. Irrigation is, therefore, a major way out of hunger and starvation since it can make good use of unutilized land.